The following eleven points included the formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia. The agreement gave a general understanding of the British and French spheres of influence in the Middle East. The aim was to divide the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire (excluding the Arabian Peninsula). Hussein`s letter of February 18, 1916, McMahon appealed for 50,000 pounds of gold, more weapons, ammunition and food, saying Feisal was waiting for “no less than 100,000 people” to arrive for the planned revolt and McMahon`s response of 10 March 1916 confirming British approval of the applications and concluding the ten letters from correspondents. In April and May, Sykes discussed the benefits of a meeting in which Picot and the Arabs participated to network each other`s wishes. At the same time, logistics have been dealt with in the context of the promised revolt, and there has been growing impatience with what Hussein should do. Finally, at the end of April, McMahon was informed of the terms of Sykes-Picot and Grey and agreed that they would not be disclosed to the Arabs. [54] [55]:57-60 The Franco-British agreement faced a double opposition: the Turkish national revolt of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Anatolia, which opposed the Treaty of Sevres; and the rise of hashemites to power in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and Syria. More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, drafted another secret agreement on the future prey of the Great War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure control of Syria for France; For his part, Sykes asked the UK to compensate for the influence in the region. The agreement did not allow, to a large extent, the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and army wanted to use at the same time for their advantage vis-à-vis the Turks.

One of Daesh`s stated objectives is to dismantle the agreement. The head of the outfit, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for the decomposed nations of the region to be replaced by a transnational regional power called the “caliphate”. In the chain of agreements between France, Russia and Great Britain, the Russian demands were first confirmed: France confirmed their agreement on 26 April and Britain on 23 May, with formal sanctions on 23 October. The Anglo-French agreement was confirmed in an exchange of letters on 9 May and 16 May. [37] At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, On 19 April 1917, an interim agreement was reached between british and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, the Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Ministers Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, in order to respond to Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London. [38] The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East. The Anglo-French declaration was read in the protocol, and Pichon commented that it showed the selfless position of the two governments towards the Arabs and Lloyd George that it was “more important than all the old agreements”. [91] Pichon mentioned an agreement proposed on 15 February on the basis of the private agreement between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December.

[91] (According to Lieshout, Clemenceau presented Lloyd George, just before Faisal met at the conference of 6, a proposal that seems to cover the same subject; Lieshout, which issued on British materials related to the 6, while the date is not specified in the minutes. [92] After the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914, the Allies – Britain, France and Russia – had much discussion about the future of the Ottoman Empire, which is now fighting on the side of Germany and the central powers, and its vast territories in the Middle East, Switzerland and abroad.

Written by shivamsood

I am a social activist and social worker based out of New Delhi. I fight for the basic civic rights of citizens such as water, electricity, hygiene, education, public health & safety. My mission is and always has been to get all citizens their basic civic & human rights. My fight is not against one individual or government but is against any institution, person or entity that denies citizens their rights.